Clases teóricas

Economía Laboral


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1 Elementos de economía laboral y aplicaciones para América Latina

1.1 La oferta de trabajo

ES, Capítulos 6 y 7

 
Alzúa, ML., Cruces, G. y Ripani, L., 2007, “Welfare Programs and Labor Supply in Developing Countries. Experimental Evidence from Latin America”, CEDLAS, Working Paper 0095.

Angrist, J. y W. Evans, 1998, “Children and their Parents’ Labor Supply: Evidence from Exogenous Variation in Family Size”, American Economic Review 88(3), 450-77.

Blundell, R. y Thomas MaCurdy, 1998, “Labour supply: A review of alternative approaches”, IFS Working Papers, W98/18, Londres (Cap. 27 de HLE).
 

Eissa, Nada y Liebman, Jeffrey, 1996, “Labor Supply Response to the Earned Income Tax Credit”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 111(2), 605-37.

Imbens, G., D. Rubin, y B. Sacerdote, 2001, “Estimating the Effect of Unearned Income on Labor Earnings, Savings and Consumption: Evidence from a Survey of Lottery Players”, American Economic Review 91, 779-794.

Material adicional para consulta sobre mercados de trabajo en Argentina y América Latina:

BID, 2004, Se buscan buenos empleos. El mercado de trabajo en América Latina. BID, Informe de Progreso Económico y Social 2004, Washington.

Gerchunoff, P. y S. Galiani, 2003, “The labor market”, Capítulo 6 en della Paolera, G. y Taylor, A., editores, A New Economic History of Argentina, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Material adicional cubierto en clase:

Blundell, R., Duncan, A. y Meghir, C., 1992, “Taxation in Empirical Labour Supply Models: Lone Mothers in the UK,” Economic Journal, vol. 102(411), pages 265-78, March.

Evers, M., De Mooij, R., Van Vuuren, D., 2005, “What Explains The Variation In Estimates Of Labour Supply Elasticities?”, Cesifo Working Paper No. 1633.

1.2 La demanda de trabajo: agregación y elasticidad. Aplicación al debate sobre inmigración.

ES, Capítulos 3 y 4

Angrist, J., 1996, “Short-Run Demand for Palestinian Labor”, Journal of Labor Economics, 1996, 14 (3), 425-53.

Borjas, G., 2003, “The Labor Demand Curve Is Downward Sloping: Reexamining The Impact Of Immigration On The Labor Market”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118(4), 1335-1374.

Borjas, G., 1995, The Economic Benefits from Immigration, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 9, No. 2., pp. 3-22.

Card, D., 1990,The Impact of the Mariel Boatlift on the Miami Labor Market”, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 43 (2), 245-257.

Card, D. (2005), “Is the new immigration really so bad?”, The Economic Journal, 115 (November), F300–F323.
 
Card, D. (2011), “Origins of the Unemployment Rate: The Lasting Legacy of Measurement without Theory”, American Economic Review, vol. 101(3), pp. 552-57.
 
Hamermesh, D., 2004. “Labor Demand in Latin America and the Caribbean: What Does It Tell Us?”. En James Heckman y Carmen Pagés, eds., Law and Employment: Lessons from Latin America and the Caribbean. Chicago: Chicago University Press/NBER, pp. 553-562.

1.3 Más allá del modelo competitivo: equilibro en el mercado laboral con una aplicación al salario mínimo

ES, Capítulo 5

Bhaskar, V., Manning, A., To, T., (2002), “Oligopsony and Monopsonistic Competition in Labor Markets,” The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 16, No. 2, pp. 155-174.

Card, D. y Krueger, A., 1994,Minimum wages and employment: A case study of the fast-food industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania”, American Economic Review 84, 772-793.

Card, D. y Alan Krueger, 1995, Myth and Measurement: The New Economics of the Minimum Wage. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Manning, A., 2003, Monopsony in Motion: Imperfect Competition in Labor Markets, Princeton University Press, Capítulo 1.

1.4 Más allá del modelo competitivo: salarios de eficiencia, desempleo, y la curva de salarios

ES, Capítulo 15

Blanchflower, D. y Oswald, A., 1995, “An Introduction to the Wage Curve”, The Journal of Economic Perspectives, Vol. 9, No. 3, pp. 153-167.

Blanchflower, D. y Oswald, A., 2005, “The Wage Curve Reloaded,” NBER Working Papers 11338, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, revised.

INDEC, 1997, ¿Cómo se mide el desempleo?, Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Censos, Centro Estadístico de Servicios.

Krueger, A. y Summers, L., 1988, “Efficiency Wages and the Inter-Industry Wage Structure,” Econometrica, Vol. 56, No. 2, pp. 259-293.

Marx, Karl, 1867, Capital: A Critique of Political Economy, Vol. I. The Process of Capitalist Production, Capítulo 25. La sección 3 habla de la “armada de reserva de desempleados” formalizada por Shapiro y Stiglitz.

Nickell, Stephen, 1997,Unemployment and Labor Market Rigidities: Europe versus North America”, Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11(3), 55-74.

Raff, D. y Summers, L., 1987, “Did Henry Ford Pay Efficiency Wages?,” Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 5, No. 4, Part 2: The New Economics of Personnel. pp. S57-S86.

Shapiro, Carl y Joseph Stiglitz, 1984, E. “Equilibrium Unemployment as a Worker Discipline Device”, American Economic Review 74, 433-44.

1.5 Compensación de diferencias salariales. Señalización y el modelo de inversión en capital humano

ES, Capítulos 8 y 9

Angrist J. y Krueger, A., 1991, “Does compulsory attendance affect schooling and earnings?”, The Quarterly Journal of Economics,vol. 106(4), pages 979-1014.

Angrist, J., 1990, “Lifetime Earnings and the Vietnam Era Draft Lottery: Evidence from Social Security Administrative Records”, American Economic Review, 80 (3), 313-336.

Ashenfelter; O. y Krueger, A., 1994, “Estimates of the Economic Return to Schooling from a New Sample of Twins”, The American Economic Review, Vol. 84, No. 5. pp. 1157-1173.

Card, David, 1994, “Earnings, Schooling, and Ability Revisited”, NBER WP No. 4832.

Duflo, Esther, 2001, “Schooling and Labor Market Consequences of School Construction in Indonesia: Evidence from an Unusual Policy Experiment”, American Economic Review, 91(4), 795-813.

Weiss, A., 1995, “Human capital vs. signalling explanations of wages”, Journal of Economic Perspectives 9, 133-54.

Smith, A., 1776, The wealth of nations, Libro 1, Capítulo 10.

1.6 Discriminación en el mercado de trabajo

Bertrand; M. y Mullainathan, S. (2004), “Are Emily and Greg More Employable than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination”, The American Economic Review, Vol. 94, No. 4. (Sep., 2004), pp. 991-1013.

Hamermesh, D. y Biddle, J., 1994, “Beauty and the Labor Market,” The American Economic Review, Vol. 84, No. 5, pp. 1174-1194.

Hersch, J., 2006, “Skin-Tone Effects among African Americans: Perceptions and Reality”, American Economic Review Papers and Proceedings, vol 96 n. 2.

Núñez, J. y Gutiérrez, R., 2004, “Class Discrimination And Meritocracy In The Labor Market: Evidence From Chile”, Estudios de Economía, vol. 31 n. 2.

Tetaz, M., 2006,“Wages, intelligence and physical appearance, reloaded”, mimemo, UNLP.

1.7 Mercados de trabajo en América Latina: teorías clásicas y desarrollos recientes sobre dualismo, desempleo e informalidad

Arias, O. y Sosa Escudero, W., 2007, “Assessing Trends in Informality in Argentina: a Cohorts Panel VAR Approach,” mimeo, Banco Mundial, UDESA, CEDLAS-UNLP.

Bardhan, Pranab; Udry, Christopher, 1999, “Fragmented Markets: Labour”, Capítulo 4 de Development Microeconomics, pp. 33-49, Oxford Univesity Press.

Basu, K, 1997, Analytical Development Economics, Capítulos 7 a 10.

Fields, Gary S., 2005, “A Guide to Multisector Labor Market Models”, Social Protection Discussion Paper Series 0505, The World Bank.

Galiani, Sebastián y Federico Weinschelbaum, 2006, “Modeling Informality Formally: Households and Firms”, mimeo.

Gasparini, Leonardo y Leopoldo Tornarolli, 2007, “Labor Informality in Latin America and the Caribbean: Patterns and Trends from Household Survey Microdata”, Documento de Trabajo Nro. 46, CEDLAS, UNLP.

1.8 Políticas laborales: programas de empleo y su evaluación

Ravallion, Martin, 2001, “The Mystery of the Vanishing Benefits: An Introduction to Impact Evaluation”, World Bank Economic Review, 15 (1), 115-140.

Galasso, E. y Ravallion, M., 2004, “Social Protection in a Crisis: Argentina’s Plan Jefes y Jefas”, World Bank Economic Review, 18(3), 367-399(33).

Jalan, Jyotsna, y Ravallion, Martin, 1998, “Income Gains to the Poor from Workfare. Estimates for Argentina’s Trabajar Program”, Policy Research Working Paper Series 2149, The World Bank.

Gasparini, L., Haimovich, F. y Olivieri, S., 2006, “Labor informality effects of a poverty-alleviation program”, mimeo, UNLP.

Ravallion, M., Galasso, E., Lazo, T. y Philipp, E., 2001, “Do Workfare Participants Recover Quickly from Retrenchment?”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2672.

Galasso, Emanuela, Ravallion, Martin y Salvia, Agustin, 2001, “Assisting the Transition from Workfare to Work: A Randomized Experiment”, World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No. 2738.

Gasparini, L. y G. Cruces, 2008, "Una distribución en Movimiento: El Caso de Argentina", Documento de Trabajo del CEDLAS, No. 78, Universidad Nacional de la Plata.

Katz, L. y Murphy, K., 1992, “Changes in Relative Wages, 1963-1987: Supply and Demand Factors,” The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Vol. 107, No. 1, pp. 35-78.

Canitrot, A., 1975, “La experiencia populista de redistribución de ingresos”, Desarrollo Económico, Vol. 15, No. 59., pp. 331-351.